Monday, May 25, 2020
57. What is Explanation for Ã¢â¬ËFalling in /out of LoveÃ¢â¬â¢? Ã¢â¬ ¢ TRUE LOVE Is The Intellectualized Feeling. That is Correct Cosmological Definition of Love. True or Universal Love foundation presence in Consciousness REQUIRES both the highest degree of such Balance attained, and the highest degree of Harmony between Intelligence Feelings. If that is achieved then all preconditions for Manifestation of Universal Love are in place. In each and every terrestrial human there is certain, mostly Ã¢â¬ËlowÃ¢â¬â¢ level of Balance between Intelligence and Feeling. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Falling in /out of love is a mental process based on strictly Ã¢â¬Ëone poleÃ¢â¬â¢ status, and on the automatic function of procreation. It is Ã¢â¬ËartificiallyÃ¢â¬â¢ released process of attraction. NO WILL IS INVOLVED! A Large portion of emotional life is converted into Ã¢â¬Ësex-urgeÃ¢â¬â¢ known under term Ã¢â¬ËFalling in LoveÃ¢â¬â¢ with sub-aspects as eroticism mating. A Clear example of an Ã¢â¬Ëunintellectualized feelingÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬Ëfalling in loveÃ¢â¬â¢ is uncontrolled, Ã¢â¬Ëred hotÃ¢â¬â¢ expression of Ã¢â¬ËaffectionÃ¢â¬â¢ for hardly known or completely unknown individual of opposite pole domination, which in favorable terms intensely subconsciously stimulates Ã¢â¬Ëprocreation Ã¢â¬âproviderÃ¢â¬â¢ aspect. That Ã¢â¬ËstimulatorÃ¢â¬â¢ could be nearby or thousand miles away, could be just an Ã¢â¬ËuntouchableÃ¢â¬â¢ image on the TV or mobile screen, which prolongs the longing because of unattainability, but an Ã¢â¬ËimageÃ¢â¬â ¢ always with projected Ã¢â¬ËassociatedÃ¢â¬â¢ superb features. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ËFalling in loveÃ¢â¬â¢ covers Ã¢â¬ËaspectsÃ¢â¬â¢ such as Ã¢â¬Å"marriage, family life,Show MoreRelatedLiterary Analysis Of Sonnet 127-152766 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Sarena Pacheco English IV Dual Mr. Lechuga 17 November, 2017 Literary Analysis Sonnets 127-152 by William Shakespeare explores the imagery of falling in love and how the cause of that can have painful emotional and physical consequences. In sonnets 127- 152 clearly state that the so called dark lady, expresses a more obsessive physical love that the young man. The intro to sonnet 127 is about the meaning of such beauty; as stated, Ã¢â¬Å"In the old age black was not counted fairÃ¢â¬ ¦But now is black beautyÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreEssay about Country Lovers versus The Necklace886 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand attention-grabbing to any readers, especially to those who are aware of American History and the heightened racial tension between the African Americans and the Caucasians in the South (Study mode).Country Lovers is a story based on forbidden love between an African American woman named Thebedi and a Caucasian male named Paulus. Paulus is the owners son where Thebeti and her family worked at on the farm. While The Necklace is a story based on a middle class couple whose wife dreams to be richRead MoreKate Chopins Desirees Baby Essay1112 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDÃ ©sirÃ ©eÃ¢â¬â¢s Baby is like an intricate AesopÃ¢â¬â¢s fable, or a fable for adults. Also an analysis of the characters helps us understand the story and itÃ¢â¬â¢s meaning. The main character, which presents the conflict in the story, is Armand Aubigny. To fully understand the story and its elements we must look carefully at Armand and his erratic behavior. One of the major aspects of Armand is his unpredictability. First he falls in love with DÃ ©sirÃ ©e without any sign, later he changes his moods back and forth in howRead MoreThe Cheater s Guide For Love By Junot Diaz997 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHave you ever wondered how someone can go from their lowest point in life, struggle and face their demons and end up back on top? If you have, then you should read, The CheaterÃ¢â¬â¢s Guide to Love, by Junot Diaz. In his story, The CheaterÃ¢â¬â¢s Guide to Love, Diaz covers the journey of Yunior of finding and losing love and the ups and downs along the way. This journey is chronicled by year, starting at year Ã¢â¬Å"0Ã¢â¬ the breakup and ending in year Ã¢â¬Å"5Ã¢â¬ where he starts to write his story. Throughout the storyRead MoreMaria Alejandrina Cervantes in Chronicle of a Death Foretold1239 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesin her arms, and that the child was chewing without stopping to take a breath, and that half-chewed kernels of corn we re falling into the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s brassiere. The woman said to me: Ã¢â¬ËShe crunches like a nutty nuthatch, kind of sloppy, kind of slurpy.Ã¢â¬â¢ Suddenly I felt the anxious fingers that were undoing the buttons of my shirt, and I caught the dangerous smell of the beast of love lying on my back, and I felt myself sinking into the delights of quicksand of her tenderness.Ã¢â¬ (89-90). Maria AlejandrinaRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMonumental Texts (An Analysis of the Three Most Important Texts Studied This Semester) Literature affects every aspect of our lives. The great, classic writers teach timeless, valuable life skills. Shakespeare was the greatest writer of all time. His writings mainly consisted of dramas and sonnets. Romeo and Juliet, as well as, A MIdsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream were written about the same time period. He was able to inter relate everything that wrote. For example, the tale of Pyramus and Thisbe couldRead MoreThe Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins710 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢The hunger gamesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ is a novel written by Suzanne Collins, published in 2008. The genre of the book is thriller/survival, and is written over 27 chapters with 454 pages. In this analysis, I will tell you about how the main character Katniss changes through the novel, and tell you a little about the central characters that plays an important role for her. Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢The Hunger GamesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, is set in the future in the country Panem, and is about the sixteen-year-old girl, Katniss Everdeen. Panem is divided intoRead MoreAnalysis Of A Trailer Of A Movie Or Advertisement From A Systemic Functional Analysis1344 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAn analysis of a trailer of a movie or advertisement from a systemic functional analysis can be used to identify the semiotic techniques or resources that are the aspects for gender stereotypes. Semiotic resources such as perspective angle, gaze, and the plane of composition are used to investigate the stereotype implications of masculine and feminist. These same resources are applicable to advertisements (Terence).This paper discusses the gender semiotic facts in filming based on a review of FastRead MoreWuthering Heights by Emily BrontÃ «1111 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCatherine and Heathcliff feel as if they are soul mates. But to Heathcliff despair outside forces begin to pull them a part. After falling in love with Catherine .She reject him for Edgar Linton who has money and status. Heathcliff run away with Isabella Edgar sister. Heathcliff becomes wealthy and respected. He takes over Wuthering Heights and Thrush cross Grange Heathcliff love Catherine in the story, although he is driven to revenge as he cannot have her. Major Characters: Mr. Earnshaw is the one whoRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Schubert 903 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAvrial Turner Dr. Greenough Theory IV 5 April 2017 Schubert Analysis As the only Ã¢â¬Å"canonic Viennese composer native to Vienna,Ã¢â¬ Schubert, 1792-1828, Ã¢â¬Å"made seminal contributionsÃ¢â¬ in multiple areas of musical composition, but he Ã¢â¬Å"most especiallyÃ¢â¬ made contributions to the area of Ã¢â¬Å"German liedÃ¢â¬ (Winter). His distinctive style could be part in due to the fact that he was native to Vienna, unlike other Ã¢â¬Å"celebrated musicians of Vienna like Haydn, Mozart, [...] and BeethovenÃ¢â¬ (Winter). Throughout SchubertÃ¢â¬â¢s
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Lady Gaga is a singer, songwriter that has recently reached superstar status. Her footprint began within the music industry in 2008 and since then, she has become a household name. However, music is not the only entity that makes Lady Gaga a household name. Because her artistic nature goes beyond creating music, brands have sought her creative talent. She had a hand in designing headphones created by a legendary artist and producer (France, 2009), and has designed Polaroid Products like camera glasses and an instant digital camera (Lady gaga named, 2010). Lady Gaga also has a brand partnership with mobile telephone network operator, Virgin Mobile and is a contributor to the MAC CosmeticsÃ¢â¬â¢ Viva Glam advertising campaign (Vena, 2010).Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They also must consider the risk of uncontrollable circumstances. For example, concerts canceled due to venue or weather issues. It is imperative to identify the target audience of Gaga and the current environment capa ble of promoting a steady growth for new Lady Gaga fans who will patronize seats for a new concert. Based on her popularity and ability to fill up Ã¢â¬Å"megaÃ¢â¬ venues during her MonsterÃ¢â¬â¢s Ball Tour, Carter could look at additional venues that support larger crowds and consider cities that Lady Gaga has yet to perform. Section III: Secondary Problems While reaching superstar status within the music industry presents multiple challenges, activities behind the scenes are what makes or breaks an artist. The level of collaboration involved in producing an album or hosting a tour is equally critical as Lady Gaga remembering the words to her songs. With any success story, long hours and hard work are always involved. Lady Gaga would not want her team overworked, without rewarding results. Lady GagaÃ¢â¬â¢s team has what it takes to have an off the charts album. HBR Case #2 5 They must first decide whether concert-ticket sales or recorded-music sales are more important in launching her new album and forwarding her music career. In a sense, Lady GagaÃ¢â¬â¢s compelling image is congruent with her music, which led her career to skyrocket.Show MoreRelatedMarketing Mix Analysis, And s Growth Matrix3309 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pages Executive Summary Beats By Dre has quickly become a global brand since its release in 2008. People have criticized their products, calling them overrated. Our goal today isnÃ¢â¬â¢t to review the products Beats has released, but to analyze the strategies Beats went through to become the best selling headphone company. It is important to understand the strategies companies have used to learn from not only their successes but also their failures. This report will address and highlight strategies suchRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 Pages1 1 Introduction What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Importance of Interpersonal Skills 4 What Managers Do 5 Management Functions 6 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Management Roles 6 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Management Skills 8 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Effective versus Successful Managerial Activities 8 Ã¢â¬ ¢ A Review of the ManagerÃ¢â¬â¢s Job 9 Enter Organizational Behavior 10 Complementing Intuition with Systematic Study 11 Disciplines That Contribute to the OB Field 13 Psychology 14 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Social Psychology 14 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Sociology 14 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Anthropology 14 There Are Few Absolutes inRead MoreSocial Media Business Model Analysis - Case Tencent, Facebook, and Myspace34799 Words Ã |Ã 140 Pagesl Social Media Business Model Analysis - Case Tencent, Facebook, and Myspace Logistics Master s thesis Xiaoyan Hu 2011 Department of Information and Service Economy Aalto University School of Economics ABSTRACT The term of social media is becoming increasingly popular presently, the amount of social media users is growing dramatically, and the monetization of social media has been discussed in publications but not in details. Nowadays, the most frequently used approach to make money forRead MoreSocial Media Business Model Analysis - Case Tencent, Facebook, and Myspace34799 Words Ã |Ã 140 Pagesl Social Media Business Model Analysis - Case Tencent, Facebook, and Myspace Logistics Masters thesis Xiaoyan Hu 2011 Department of Information and Service Economy Aalto University School of Economics ABSTRACT The term of social media is becoming increasingly popular presently, the amount of social media users is growing dramatically, and the monetization of social media has been discussed in publications but not in details. Nowadays, the most frequently used approach to make money forRead MoreCase Study148348 Words Ã |Ã 594 PagesStudent Work Assignments Case Study Teaching Notes 6 7 8 8 12 19 20 25 27 27 28 28 29 Chapters 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Introducing Strategy The Environment Strategic Capabilities Strategic Purpose Culture and Strategy Business Strategy Corporate Strategy and Diversification International Strategy Innovation and Entrepreneurship Mergers, Acquisitions and Alliances Evaluating Strategies Strategy Development Processes Organising for Success Leadership and Strategic Change
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Crises Management in Public Schools Review of Crisis in Public Schools throughout the United States Throughout the United States students in public schools have experienced many crises. Students have witnessed or experienced many different types of crisis which can include: violence, death, accidents, family issues, natural disasters and terrorism. Statistics from the National Center for Educational Statistics (2008) show that in the 2003-04 school year there were 19 homicides and 3 suicides that occurred at school. Outside of school in the 2003-04 school year there were 1,437 homicides and 1,285 suicides of youth ages 5 to 18. According to the Fatality Analysis Reporting System Encyclopedia (2008) in the year 2007, there wereÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Resent research on crisis management plans The Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA (2008) created a 161 page crisis prevention and response plan for schools to use as a resource. In it they define the major facets of crisis response as being: 1. communica tion, 2. direction and coordination, and 3. health and safety. These major facets should be implemented during the emergency, immediate aftermath, days/weeks following, and in prevention. The Psychological First Aid approach which was developed by the National Center for PTSD to help children, adolescents, adults, and families in the immediate aftermath of disaster and terrorism should also be included in the crisis management plan. It is Ã¢â¬Å"designed to reduce the initial distress caused by traumatic events and to foster short-and long-term adaptive functioning and copingÃ¢â¬ (NCTSN, 2006). The Psychological First Aid for school aged children should be implemented immediately after the trauma and includes three basic objectives: managing the situation, mobilizing support, and following up. Definition and signs of posttraumatic stress disorder Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Ã¢â¬Å"is an anxiety disorder that can occur after you have been through a traumatic eventÃ¢â¬ ¦ during this type of event, you think that your life orShow MoreRelatedCrisis Management Tenerife7570 Words Ã |Ã 31 PagesTerm Project Crisis Management Tenerife Planes Crash Case Study Table of Contents Contents Page Abstract History Key Discussion Question 1 Ã¢â¬â 9 Conclusion and Recommendation References 1 3 5 21 23 Abstract The Tenerife Disaster is a well known event among the aviation industry for being the worst air accident in human history. A Dutch KLM 747 and an American Pan Am 747 crashed into each other at a Spanish airport in the Canary Islands resulted in 583 death and a extensive mediaRead MoreCoffee and Crisis Management Team21317 Words Ã |Ã 86 PagesCoffee Company Crisis Case - Part I Dr. Phillip G. Clampitt Cases in Media Management August 1, 2009 Crisis Management Team: PuRr-Luscious Ladies Debra Dobson Diane LeVeque Joyce Jentges Karen Sobiesczyk Proposed Crisis Management Plan 2 Table of Contents - Part I Purpose of Crisis PlanÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.......Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦4 Overview of Starbucks. Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦......Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..........5 Acknowledgement Forms ...Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦............Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦.......10 Crisis Rehearsal DatesRead MoreCrisis management; BP2129 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Introduction When an organization is in a crisis, it dominates the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s agenda and requires immediate action. The way the organization responds to a crisis can differ in many ways. In this essay I would like to discuss the crisis of the British concern British Petroleum (BP). At first I would like to provide more information about the crisis and its consequences, then I will identify the kind of crisis we have to deal with, I will discuss the several communication strategies BP have usedRead MoreCase Study : Crisis Management Strategy Report Essay3286 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesThe PR Firm 10 Shortland St Auckland 1010 25 May 2015 Media Works 3 Flower St Eden Terrace Auckland Dear Mr Weldon RE: Crisis Management Strategy Report Here is the final version of the crisis management strategy report which was commissioned by yourself on Monday 5 May 2014. This report outlines the current crisis situation and provides a range of crisis communication strategies and methodologies that are suggested for use immediately. Thank you for giving The PR Firm the opportunity toRead MoreCrisis Management Planning579 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pagescoverage is typically positive, the interest of the media gets more difficult as high profile scandals take place, which can be rather damaging. Therefore, a relevant public relations crisis response plan needs to be developed. A brief overview of the current writings on the issue exposes the need of crisis management planning to be Ã¢â¬Å"quick, be consistent, and be openÃ¢â¬ (Coombs, 2006, p. 172). First of all, a consistent message should be delivered by either one or more spokespersons, so that the informationRead MoreTylenol vs. Toyota: Crisis Management at Its Best and Worst4165 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesTylenol Vs. Toyota: Crisis Management at Its Best and Worst Tylenol and Toyota are two companies that have faced adversity in the form of crises. In Chicago in 1982, Tylenol was faced with the crisis of people dying from consuming its medication. The company acted quickly and appropriately; it was able to minimize its negative publicity and clear its image. Toyota has had its own recent crisis, and has been forced to recall over 8.5 million vehicles in the past seven months due to defective acceleratorRead MoreCrisis Management And Prevention Process Essay1169 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDate: Crisis Management and Prevention Process Introduction This paper will extensively cover the crisis prevention process. By citing various examples of crises that have occurred in the past, the crisis prevention process will be made more vivid. Additionally, this article will outline a variety of methodologies to be followed in the event of a crisis. It will also give personal opinions on the case of crisis prevention and farther explain the role of various societal authorities in crisis escalationRead MoreCrisis Management: Disaster in Chile Essay3388 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesenormous applauds from the world for their meticulous and systematic crisis management. Based on the Chile mine disaster, I would like to discuss some issues arising from the catastrophe in which it will be the nature of the crisis, the steps of crisis management, and the effectiveness of Chilean government on the crisis management. First of all, I would like to talk about about the nature of crises. In order to manage a crisis, one must first understand that crises occur abruptly, it cannot beRead MoreReexamining Crisis Management Philosophy1699 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthis paper, I present two riveting case scenarios containing the unadulterated recollection of my direct personal experiences in crisis management. Both cases provide authoritative details of life threatening events and the quick response by key individuals with direct corporate responsibility for managing the pre-crisis, in-crisis and post-crisis events. Crisis management is a highly complex field. Therefore, a plausible approach to managing crises would require simplifying the functional relationshipRead MoreCrisis and Emergency Management15250 Words Ã |Ã 61 PagesCRISIS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT: A Guide for Managers of the Public Service of Canada CCMD Action-Research Roundtable on Crisis Management CHAIRED BY ANDRÃâ° GLADU BY PATRICK BOISVERT AND RAPHAÃâ¹L MOORE For more information or copies, please contact the Research and University Relations Branch of the Canadian Centre for Management Development Telephone: (613) 947-3682 Facsimile: (613) 992-1736 Internet: email@example.com The opinions expressed in this publication are those
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Steroids In Sports Essay All about SteroidsUnderstanding steroidSteroids natureSteroids that are used by athletes are the artificial form of testosterone, a human hormone released by the body to stimulate and maintain the male sexual organs. Testosterone is called a male hormone since it is produced in men in large quantities compared to the quantity produced in women (Mishra, 1-2). Hormones that are produced by the testes and the adrenal gland in men and ovaries and adrenal gland in women contains certain kind of fat called steroids, natural ones, which means solid in Greek. The body produces about 600 different kinds of steroids called androgens these kinds include testosterone. The amount of testosterone produced in males is about 10 to 15 times more than in women. For this reason we notice that women who uses steroids have masculine characteristics (Yesalis, 23-24). A male human body produce an average of 2.5 to 11 mg of testosterone daily, while the average user of steroids take about 100 mg daily (Mish ra, 2). When we talk about steroids we are referring to the anabolic-androgenic steroids, but athletes are more concerned with the anabolic property. Anabolic in Greek means, to build while androgenic means masculinizing. Androgenic effect plays a role in the maturation of the male reproduction system and is responsible for hair growth and the deepening of the voice while anabolic effect helps in the growth of the muscles by providing them by retained protein (Anabolic steroids, 1). Anabolic steroids are the result from tests that are were made to produce a drug that has tissue-building ability that of the testosterone and at the same time separating it from testosterones masculinizing properties. Since the separation did not fully worked out, the proper name of this drug is anabolic-androgenic steroids although it is called anabolic steroids or just steroids (Yesalis, 24). Steroids DevelopmentFrom the early ages man was concerned in increasing his power and his sexual ability. Athl etes in the old Greek used to take some wine mixed with strychnine, stimulus of the CNS, taken from plants. Others ate hallucinogenic drugs (Reuters, 1). In 140 BC Indians used to eat testicle tissue that gave them sexual ability and helped in overcoming impotence problems. During 2000 Babylonians noticed that castration did not only caused fertility problems but also they lose their aggressiveness and power (Yesalis, 31-32). Steroids were first developed in the 1930s By Dr. Charles Kockakian, who was called the father of anabolic steroids, to prevent body tissues from breaking down due diseases, but the illegal use of steroids started in the Olympic games in the 1950s after the athletic committee has found that Russian athletes and some East European nations athletics won the majority of the medals and that was due to the use of steroids (Mishra, 1). This was a result after Paul de Kruif a science writer suggested in 1940s the idea of using the tissue-building drug to be used in sp orts so that athletes could enhance their performance. However, the mystery of the movement of drugs from laboratory to sports is not discovered yet, since no one know how steroids invaded every kind of sports (Yesalis, 34-36). After discovering the tissue-building property so many researches were done to isolate this property from androgenic property, but this was impossible. Researchers changed the testosterones chemical structure by adding esters that is a combination of alcohol and acid after water is removed. These testosterone esters became the major drug for all athletes (Yesalis, 34). Using WaysSteroids can be taken in many different ways; it could be orally (pills or capsules), by injection with a syringe (as a viscous liquid), or by skin creams or patches. Steroids that are taken orally have their chemical structure helps them to be quickly cleaned by the liver but at the same time it is toxic to the liver. Steroids users often take steroids in cycles each episode lasts from 6 to 12 weeks or more. During their cycles users begin with low doses then increase the doses to go back to lower doses (Yesalis, 25). Moreover, users always stack, use different kinds of steroids and that to give more effect and reduce side effects and avoid detection (Ringhofer, 174). Some steroids users take other drugs concurrently with steroids this is called array. The aim behind these drugs is to lessen the side effects of steroids. For example these drugs could contain diuretic to handle fluid retention, anti-estrogens to prevent breast development, chorionic gonadotrophine to reduce testicular atrophy and anti-acne medication. Athletes take dosage depending on each particular sport; sprinters take about 1.5 to 2 times than the normal average which is 7 mg of testosterone a day, while body builders who are seeking to bulk up take about 10 to 100 more than the normal average (Yesalis, 26). Users and Causes of Using SteroidsThere are so many different kinds of people who use steroids; mainly they are athletes who want to compete, kids who are trying it for the first time and other school athletes, coaches in the GYM take steroids so they will look more muscular and huge from those who are training. On the other side, some people who perform hard work like policeman, fireman uses steroids to be more energetic. Models, dancers, and movie stars all of them take steroids for a better image (Yesalis, 5). Steroids have a medical use too. They help many patients who are going to make a surgery, for the elderly how want to regulate their hormones and many others use ster oids to fight problems resulting from HIV and AIDS. But all these will not be our issue of discussion in this paper since we will concentrate on athletes use of steroids (Yesalis, 6). The sociological aspect is the main reason behind using steroids. So many athletes and people mainly males think that large and strong muscles will give them a masculine look. Others accept nothing but winning and this put a lot of pressure on them; in such cases, they start taking steroids. Other reason behind steroids use is that some school or college athletes are looking forward for a scholarship and steroids can help a lot. Moreover, people are concerned more with short-term results than long-term health consequences (Mishra, 3). Mechanism of ActionThere is one clear evidence that during hard training two things happen. First, the level of testosterone drops in the human body to the level of the castrated one. The other thing is that body release glucocrticoids which break down tissue, catabolic effect. We conclude that over training may cause muscle decrease. As a result the importance of steroids use while training is increasing. Steroids help in increasing protein syntheses through its interaction with the targeted tissue. So after the DNA in the cell, chromosome, interact with the anabolic steroids that have reached through the blood, various enzyme, structural and contractile proteins formation take place. This helps muscles to grow faster (Yesalis, 27-29). The other thing is Placebo Effect; it is the physical or the psychological change that results from taking an inert substance, believing that this inert will have a therapeutic effect. This was the case even in ancient times. Placebo effects result fr om a persons imagination that he can achieve more, moreover in some cases there are improvements based on objective clinical standards (Yesalis, 30-31). Finally, Nervous System and Psychological effects; our main concern is aggression that is associated with harsh sports, like wrestling, is looked at as an improving performance act. However, it is logical that more aggressiveness while training leads to more benefit, and makes the person achieve more and at the same time athletes would not feel their pain and fatigue. Never the less, studies indicated that steroids have biochemical foundation since in addition for the steroids effect on CNS and neuromuscular junction, a huge muscular man acting in an aggressive way will be noticed more than a small man acting aggressively since the larger man can do greater damage (Yesalis, 30) Steroids EffectAthletes Performance and appearanceAfter some doses of steroids a person will witness an increase in appetite, aggression, energy and rapid re covery from workouts. All of this happens at the beginning and without noticing any side effects (Ringhofer, 175). The main objective of athletes behind using steroids is that they need to increase their strength, increase muscle mass and reduce fat, also to increase their endurance and a faster recovery from exercise so they can practice more often (Yesalis, 40). All relevant information about steroids effect on performance is based on athletes experience and studies made on human. Based on these studies the effect is divided into three categories: Aerobic capacity and endurance, body composition, and strength performance (Yesalis, 41). 76.6% / 1862 words / There are no equal opportuniti... EssayEducational ApproachEducation plays a major role in controlling steroids. Many schools added steroids wakefulness to their educational programs explaining their real dangers (Yesalis, 87). Oregon Model of education against steroids carried by the Oregon health sciences university, Portland, says that neither scare tactics is a way to stop athletes from taking steroids, nor a lecture at the beginning of the sports season. Their work emphasized more on the behavioral intent, body image, incentives toward drug use and arresting drug traders. The program did not only involve the athletes but also the parents, the teams and coaches so they will be able to create a healthy social sphere (Yesalis, 90). In addition, the ATLAS, Adolescents Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids, prevention program approved that participants, relative to a control group, were less dragged to steroids and trying it since they know its side effects i n addition to its benefits, as a result they know how to avoid it and concentrate more on their nutrition. The ATLAS program has fourteen sessions with three main concepts. First, weight training skills. Second, nutrition information for sports. Last, anabolic steroids education, like that of Oregon (Yesalis, 91). Treatment programsSome times stopping steroids may cause major consequences, so the most important thing is to keep a bond with the athlete and provide him with proper education, counseling, and reassurance. For this reason the doctor treating the athlete must not be judgmental, he must be knowledgeable and understanding (Yesalis, 124). Anabolic steroids are considered to be addictive. A person taking steroids become dependent, since it changes their physical appearance and increase the effort to achieve more. Some athletes reported: When faced with the syringe, even my own worst fears did not matter, I could not stop. 17-inch arms were not enough, I want 20. And when I g ot to 20, I was sure that I would want 22,. . Major problem with steroids treatment is that it costs so much of money (Yesalis, 116). Depression symptoms caused from quitting steroids sometimes leads to suicide. There are certain characteristics that show that a person is in need for help: First, retarded behavior associated with depressive disorder. Second, sudden change in moods such as euphoria, irritability, depression or anxiety. Third, slower and disorganized thinking. Fourth, Suicidal thoughts and last but not least, hallucinations (Yesalis, 121). Some patients experiencing uncontrolled aggression need anti-psychotic medication; others need hospitalization so they could have all the support needed. (Yesalis, 121-22). InterpretationIn my opinion, I consider that athletes are misusing steroids. The main reason behind establishing steroids was to prevent body tissues from breaking down, and to help the elderly in regulating their hormones and many others to help them fighting against HIV AIDS. However, athletes adapted this invention for inappropriate purposes and to cheat and compete in an unfair way. Since, sport represents the finest in physical development and human striving and will, steroids use among athletes opposes this representation. Society still does not fully recognize the negative effects that steroids have on the health of athletes and the way sports are played. I believe that every one is responsible for preventing steroids use including athletes, coaches and parents. Steroids cause a lot of harm that we must be aware of. First, an athlete may suffer physical and psychological harm because of steroids. Second, the use of steroids for no medical purposes is a violation of federal laws. Third, using anabolic steroids is cheating and violates the rules of virtually every sport. Finally, yet importantly, steroids contaminate sports because results are obtained by unnatural means. Some people defend steroids use by stating that they give users a tremendous physical advantage. However, it is the price of that advantage that worries me. There are two important things to bear in mind about steroids. First, they are very powerful drugs that affect both mind and body. Second, when elite athletes take steroids to secretly enhance their physical sports performance they tarnish the purity of all sports competitions. Works CitedAnabolic steroids. ESPN.com. Sep. 6 2000. Apr 19 2001. a href=http://espn.go.com/special/s/drugsandsports/steroids.htmlhttp://espn.go.com/special/s/drugsandsports/steroids.htmlFarry, Tom. Juicers: Scare tactics do not work. ESPN.com. Dec. 14 2000. 20 Apr 2001. Sports and Steroids. Kirk, D.N., M.P. Hartshorn. Steroid Reaction Mechanisms.Amesterdam:Elsevier Publishing Co., 1968. Mishra, Raja. Steroids and sports are a losing proposition. FDA Consumer. 25.7. p24. Sep 1991. Infotrac. Galegroup. Lebanese American University Library, Beirut. 18 Apr 2001. Sports and Steroids. Noble, Kate. When Winning Loses Out: This is the year that integrity will count for more than victory at any price. Time International. 157.4. p.70. Jan 29 2001. Infotrac. Galegroup. Lebanese American University Library, Beirut. 18 Apr 2001. Sports and Drugs. Paterson, Ellen R. Steroids and Sports. RQ. 29.1. p. 20-23. Fall 1989. Infotrac. Galegroup. Lebanese American University Library, Beirut. 18 Apr 2001. Steroids and Sports. Phillips, Andrew. The Olympic Drug Cloud: were these the shame games .. or the start of real crackdown on doping? Macleans. p 52. Oct 9 2000. Infotrac. Galegroup. Lebanese American University Library, Beirut. 18 Apr 2001. Sports and Drugs. Racing Demons: Use of performance-enhancing drugs may grab sporting headlines, but the real tragedy is what happens later. Time International. 157.10. p 50+. Mar 12 2001. Infotrac. Galegroup. Lebanese American University Library, Beirut. 18 Apr 2001. Sports and Drugs. Reuters. Drugs as old as Olypmpia, as new as the Internet ESPN.com. Sep. 19 2000. 19 Apr 2001. ;http://espn.go.com/oly/summers/00/s/2000/0905/724370.html;Ringhofer, Kevin R., ; Martha E. Harding. Coaches Guide to Drugs and Sports. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1996. The Psycological Effects of Using Steroids. PlanetPapers. 20 Apr 2001. ;;a href=http://www.planetpapers.com/Assets/432.html;http://www.planetpapers.com/Assets/432.html;Yesalis, Charles E., ; Virginia S. Cowart. The Steroids Game: an experts inside look at anabolic steroid use in sports. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1998.
Friday, April 10, 2020
Addiction in general is defined as the dependency of individuals to drugs, alcohol nicotine or any substance that when used abusively will lead to negative effects. It involves incalculable costs and the amount is higher that what one expected. A person is harmed due to the effects. There are also underlying factors why people wanted to incline themselves in addiction. Addiction causes deterioration of both the physical and psychological aspect of a person. Aside from personal harms, addiction also affects people like family and friends. The personality of an addict is totally changed by his/her habits. They often hesitate to interact with other people which make their socialization suffer too. Finding a job and studying in school is also affected by addiction. The performance and knowledge is also negatively affected by the bad habit incurred. Addiction is one societal problem that is hard to counter. It leads to moral weaknesses of people ad at the same tome it allows them to be more prone of committing other illegal behavior like delinquency and being a criminal. We will write a custom essay sample on Physical Dependence Addiction or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Although there are treatments and rehabilitation programs available for addicts, the choice is still for them to make. This paper will analyze and discuss the definition of addiction and the causes, effects and treatment of this growing problem in every society. Definition of Addiction Addiction begins when something is developed as a habit and progresses fro there. It always ends up giving a chemical imbalance in a personÃ¢â¬â¢s body. It combines psychological state, moral dilemmas, pharmacology and discourse in an awkward manner (Hammersley Reid, 2002, pp.7-30). In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s generation the concept of addiction is associated with the terms: Ã¢â¬Å"drug dependenceÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"substance abuseÃ¢â¬ (Hammersley Reid, 2002, pp.7-30). In addition to the aforementioned definitions, addiction is also considered as a chronic, dangerous and dramatic condition of the physical and psychological state of well being. Addiction also deals with issues of control (Hammersley Reid, 2002, pp.7-30). According to McAdams (1993), addiction has the following criteria: (1)Ã Ã Substance or alcohol abuse can lead to quicker and easier addiction. (2)Ã Ã Addicts usually commit crime to support their habits. (3)Ã Ã Psychoactive effects. (4)Ã Ã Health damages and death. (5)Ã Ã Ruthless criminals are the main suppliers of addiction paraphernalia. (6)Ã Ã It has a long term effect and may become permanent. (McAdams, 1993). Causes of Addiction The causes of addiction have many complexities. The exact cause is hard to identify but the primary cause of it is moral weakness. Overindulging to something makes an individual an addict. The reason behind these depends on the kind of substance taken. On the case of drugs, there are reasons like to forget the pain that they are feeling or to suppress the sickness that they are experiencing. In the case of alcoholism, addicts usually drink to temporarily escape from reality. Consumption of alcohol, drugs or other addictive things is caused by the lack of resistance to peer pressure and out of curiosity (Armstrong Costello, 2002, pp. 1224-1239). Most addicts are in the stage of formation or those who are below the social ladder (Armstrong Costello, 2002, pp. 1224-1239). There are also individual cases of addiction caused by broken families, domestic violence and delinquency that lead them to addiction. Improper teaching from educational institutions may also be considered as one factor of addiction. Social pressure is a major factor in addiction (Armstrong Costello, 2002, pp. 1224-1239). No matter what standpoint of a person is about abstinence, he/she is more likely to become an addict once the pressure of friends and colleagues consumed him/her.Ã The enjoyment of consuming alcohol or drugs made an addict forget about problems and burdens. Types of Addiction There are two basic types of addiction. First is physical dependence and the second one is the psychological dependence. Physical Dependence The state of habitually using drugs often leads one to addiction. Once drug usage is withdrawn by an addict, it will cause something negative for him/her (McAdams, 1993). On the other hand too much dependency is really bad for oneÃ¢â¬â¢s health. This type of addiction has symptoms of high blood pressure, tremors and sweating. If an addict failed to get a dosage of the drugs that he/she is dependent on, it will reflect something atrocious on his/her physical state. Life threatening situations are at hand like heart attack and sudden death (McAdams, 1993). A physically dependent addict always compulsively needs for the substance that he/she is hooked into. Withdrawal symptoms often characterize this type of addiction. Continuous addiction is motivated by physical dependence and the substance used by addicts usually gives pleasure or reduce pain. Such dependence also reduces the anxiety level of the user and gives an overwhelming feeling.
Monday, March 9, 2020
Thematic Unit Definition and Tips for Teachers A Thematic unit is the organization of a curriculum around a central theme. In other words, its a series of lessons that integrate subjects across the curriculum, such as math, reading, social studies, science, language arts, etc. that all tie into the main theme of the unit. Each activity should have a main focus toward the thematic idea. A thematic unit is much broader than just choosing a topic. They cover a wide range such as Australia, mammals, or the solar system. Many teachers choose a different thematic unit for their classroom each week, while others plan their teaching themes for two to nine weeks. Why Use Thematic Units It increases students interestHelps students understand connectionsExpands assessment strategiesKeeps students engagedcompacts the curriculumSaves teachers time because it incorporates all subjectsDraws on connections from the real world and life experiences Key Components of a Thematic Unit There are eight key components of a thematic unit lesson plan. Follow these guidelines when you are creating your classroom unit. Theme - Select the theme of the unit based on Common Core standards, student interests or student experience.Grade Level - Select the appropriate grade level.Objectives - Identify the specific objectives that you would like to master during the course of the unit.Materials - Determine the materials you will use throughout the unit.Activities - Develop the activities that you will use for your thematic unit. Make sure you cover activities across the curriculum.Discussion Questions - Create a variety of discussion questions to help students think about the theme of the unit.Literature Selections - Select a variety of books that correlate with the activities and the central theme of the unit.Assessment - Evaluate student progress throughout the unit. Measure student growth through rubrics or other means of assessment. Tips for Creating Thematic Units Here are three tips to help you create a thematic unit in your classroom. Find an engaging theme - Themes can be planned around books, benchmarks, skills students need to develop, or just from student interest. Find a theme that will motivate and captivate students interest. Units are typically longer than a week, so its important to find a theme that will keep the students engaged.Create fun activities - The activities you choose are the heart of the unit. These activities need to cross the curriculum and keep students interest. Learning centers are a great way for students to get hands-on experience while learning important skills.Evaluate Students Learning - While finding a central theme, and creating engaging cross-curriculum activities are important, so is evaluating what the students have learned. Portfolio-based assessment is a great way to see students progress throughout a period of time. For example, a habitat portfolio can be created to document the progress the students made throughout the unit of habitats.
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Professional Ethical Standards - Essay Example The application process itself can be very lengthy and take several months to go through, with more than one interview, background checks, a driverÃ¢â¬â¢s license history, drug test and any other documents the Department of Corrections requires. The duties of the correctional officer: Provide security for public safety Provide security for staff and offenders To conduct counts and ensure all inmates are accounted for To pass out the mail to the offenders To collect the mail from the offenders To ensure that all inmates report to their job assignments To ensure that the dormitory is cleaned daily To ensure that the inmates are given the opportunity to eat meals To monitor the offender during yard time To search staff and visitors as they enter the prison, ensuring no contraband is brought in To search offenders in search of contraband To complete paperwork daily To inventory equipment daily Pass out medication Attend training classes Be flexible Be without actions, conducts, and beh aviorsÃ¢â¬â¢ unbecoming or professional for an employee of the Department of corrections The shifts for all correctional officersÃ¢â¬â¢ start out the same, whether you are on first, second, or third shift. All officers entering a state prison or a county jail will be required to have their lunch bags searched and must clear a metal detector. Once clearing the security each officer will report to their assigned post. Count will be conducted to ensure that all offenders are accounted for upon arrival of the new shift. The officer will conduct an inventory of all equipment and medication on hand. The officer will then begin the daily log and tool check inventory. Work call will be announced and most of the offenders will exit the dorm to report to their own work area. The officer will now monitor the housemen to ensure that the dorm is cleaned and supplies have been issued. Housemen are usually inmates who have served a good amount of their time with good behavior, no incidents rep orts or write ups, and have been model inmates. Housemen gain the title of Ã¢â¬ËhousemenÃ¢â¬â¢ and are then allowed to stay in the dormitory and to keep the dormitory clean. The officer will check the security of all doors and windows and make thirty minutes radio checks to the control room, to ensure officer safety. The officer will enforce the rules and monitor the offenderÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior. An officer must be alert and be willing to go into harmÃ¢â¬â¢s way to help other staff members and the offenders as well. Public safety is the number one task an officer must always be aware of. There are many visitors that go inside the prison and jails and officers must ensure their safety above all else. The officer must also be able to maintain their own stress levels and pay attention to the surroundings at all times. Medical emergencies do happen inside of prisons and jails. All officers are trained to perform CPR and expected to do CPR if the situation calls for it. Officers are required to hold their certification in weapons and have 40 hours of training a year to refresh their basic training. The ratio inside of a prison is usually about three to one; this is also the case in the jails. Inmates greatly outnumber officers so it is especially important that you be able to communicate effectively and treat inmates appropriately, while also being fair. Medical passes and issues may come up during your shift and you should know how to honor them
Thursday, February 6, 2020
Analysis on the medieval play Noah's Flood - Research Paper Example Her character is belittled in the play as a woman who lacks wisdom, foresight and who is not submissive to her husband. Her reaction suggests that she likes gossiping with her friends and actually seems to prefer to stay on with them as opposed to going into the ark with Noah. According to her, her friends are the people who truly love her and care for her and she believes she is the only one that can ensure those friends are saved (Page 314: 200-8). In the case of NoahÃ¢â¬â¢s wife, the hierarchical trends in society are bucked to the extent that Noah appears to be a henpecked man who submits to the will of his wife; hence it is his wife who appears to have authority in their household. For example, despite her resistance to going into the ark, Noah is concerned about her and asks his sons to bring her on (www.lib.rochester.edu). He says: Ã¢â¬Å"Welcome wife, into the boatÃ¢â¬ (Page 315:245) but NoahÃ¢â¬â¢s wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s reaction is to give him a sharp slap, with the response, Ã¢â¬Å"Have thou that for thy note!Ã¢â¬ (Page 315:246). Noah does not retaliate as another man would have done, to put his wife in her place with sharp, belittling words or physical violence. He winces at the slap he receives and says, Ã¢â¬Å"Aha Mary, this is hot!Ã¢â¬ (Page 315:247), but merely continues Ã¢â¬Å"It is good to be still.Ã¢â¬ (Page 315:248). The play about NoahÃ¢â¬â¢s Flood is very important in the religious context, because it sets out various themes that are later also replicated in the Bible. The inclusion and depiction of the character of NoahÃ¢â¬â¢s wife is significant, especially when compared to Adam and Eve. Noah appears to be like Adam Ã¢â¬â a godly man with a rebellious wife. NoahÃ¢â¬â¢s wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s resistance to going into the ark appears to symbolize the sin of mankind (www.geocities.com). In a similar manner to NoahÃ¢â¬â¢s wife refusing to go into the ark, man also refuses to turn
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
The United States Essay 3. Is there sufficient evidence in sources A to F to explain why there was an anti-war movement in the United States during the late 1960s and early 1970s? Source A gives sufficient evidence because it tells us many recruits were of low intelligence, this shows to us that the American government had become quite desperate by introducing conscription. The US was using all its resources which is a good reason for there being an anti-war movement. In this source it tells that most US troops died in the first six months. This indicates to us that there were few experienced troops and the American policy of only giving soldiers a one year tour of duty meant that more soldiers were to die, all because of a lack of experience. However most importantly is the fact that inexperienced US troops were thrown against experienced guerrillas fighting on their own terrain. This shows the situation the US troops faced which is good reason for an anti-war movement because so many soldiers would die needlessly. This source may not be sufficient because there are no facts, no statistics and no details. This is all based on unfounded claims. This source does not go into much detail regarding the mental stresses the soldiers were faced with. Also the source does not give information about the Viet Cong and their actions. These reasons are important in why there was an anti-war movement. Source B is very sufficient to explain why there was an anti-war movement because it is a photographic image and not the opinion of a person who may be biased. This source represents many graphic images from Vietnam. It shows to us that there was an anti-war movement because this was the first televised war. People realized what was happening so there would have been much opposition to the war This photo shows what American involvement has done. The only problem with this photo is that there is no evidence to support that the US did this. Source C is sufficient because it shows the difficulties US troops faced. It was by a journalist, which meant it could be read my most Americans. When people hear about these facts they do not want their sons and husbands having to fight like this. Also this source shows the effects on the Vietnamese people from US weapons. When people learn of this they are less supportive of a war and are therefore anti-war. The problem of this source is that it was written for a newspaper and the newspaper might have an anti-war stance and be biased about the problems described by the journalist. Source D is sufficient because it is showing how the Vietnam War is crippling the American society and economy. Americans want to preserve their society and not bankrupt it in order to support a war, this gives good evidence for there being an anti-war movement. Also this is a British source and being an ally of the US, it would be expected to support US actions. However it is not supporting the US in this source which indicates an anti-war movement, not just in the US but also abroad. This source shows that Lyndon is destroying his Great Society scheme of helping to needy in America. This is good evidence for an anti-war movement because it is affecting America internally. Many oppose this war because it is affecting them as well as those involved in the fighting. Source E is very sufficient to explain an anti-war movement because it tells how the American people can see how savage war really is. This is a very good reason for why there is an anti-war movement because people now know the reality of war and want it to be stopped. It really tells us that it was stupid that a democratic country did not censor the TV. Source F is the film Born on the Fourth of July. It is very sufficient in explaining why there was an anti-war movement because it starts off in the life of an all-American boy who is proud and patriotic. He joins the marines and serves in Vietnam. While in Vietnam he is wounded and left disabled which means that he can go home. When he arrives back his attitude is changed because of his horrific experiences of war. This source gives good reason for anti-war movement because it shows life of someone who has really experienced it all. This is a real life story which is why it is so sufficient in explaining the reason for an anti-war.
Monday, January 20, 2020
The past few decades have seen increasing interest in emotion research. Although much remains to be learned, agreement is beginning to emerge regarding the way emotion should be viewed. Emotions provide a unique source of information for individuals about their environment, which informs and shapes their thoughts, actions, and subsequent feelings, and there is a growing view that emotion information can be used more or less intelligently. A notion central to emotional intelligence theory is that individuals differ in their ability to perceive, understand and use emotional information, and this ability significantly contributes to intellectual and emotional well-being and growth. Emotional intelligence as a concept has prospered, in part, because of the increasing personal importance of emotion management for individuals in modern society. Indeed, researchers have commonly claimed that emotional intelligence predicts important educational and occupational criteria beyond that predicted by general intellectual ability (e.g. Elias & Weissberg, 2000; Fisher & Ashkansy, 2000; Fox & Spector, 2000; Goleman, 1995; Mehrabian, 2000; Saarni, 1999, Scherer, 1997). Furthermore, the chief proponents of emotional intelligence appear to have made strides towards understanding its nature, components, determinants, effect, developmental track, and modes of modification (Matthews, Zeidner & Roberts, 2001) Since GolemanÃ¢â¬â¢s (1995) best-seller, Emotional Intelligence, popularized the concept, researchers have used an extensive number of attributes or abilities drawn from psychology to define emotional intelligence. GolemanÃ¢â¬â¢s book contains definitions and descriptions of what he identifies as the five key components of emotional intelligence: knowing emotions, managing emotions, motivating oneself, recognizing emotions in others, and handling relationships. Goleman attributes varying sets of personality attributes to each component, the final effect being that most of personality is covered by his definitions. Towards the end of his book, he claims Ã¢â¬Å"there is an old-fashioned word for the body of skills that emotional intelligence represents: characterÃ¢â¬ (p. 285). As such, variations in the manner with which people think, feel, and act are ostensibly ascribed to differences in Ã¢â¬Å"dispositionÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"styleÃ¢â¬ . The notions of disposition and style however do not accommoda... ... of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA. Thorndike, E.L. (1920) Intelligence and its use. Harper Magaazine, 140, 227-235. Thoits, P.A. (1985). Self-labelling process in mental illness: The role of emotional deviance. American Journal of Sociology, 91, 221-249. Vagg, P. R. & Spielberger, C. D. (1998). Occupational stress: Measuring job pressure and organizational support in the workplace. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 3, 294-305. Van Maanen, J. (1973) Observations on the making of a policeman. Human Organization, 32, 407-417. Walt Disney Productions. (1982) Your role in the Walt Disney World Show. Orlando, FL: Author. Watson, D. & Pennebaker, J. W. (1989). Health complaints, stress, and distress: Exploring the central role of negative affectivity. Psychological Review, 96, 234-254. Welbourne, T.M., Johnson, D.E., & Erez, A. (1998). The role-based performance scale: Validity analysis of a theory-based measure. Academy of Management Journal, 41, 540-556. Weisinger, H. (1998). Emotional intelligence at work: The untapped edge for success. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Woodsworth, R.S. (1940). Psychology (4th ed.) New York: Holt.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Aim: The aim was to look into urinary elimination of Fe, Cu and Zn and their relation with serum insulin in diabetes worlds. Materials and Methods: 40 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes, 30 patients with insulin-dependent diabetes and 20 normal healthy topics were investigated for their serum degrees of glucose and insulin and urinary elimination of Fe, Cu and Zn. There was important addition in the urinary elimination of all the three hint elements in diabetic patient. No important correlativity could be found between serum insulin and urinary elimination of Fe, Cu and Zn. Consequences: The consequences indicate that there is increased elimination of hint elements in diabetes mellitus but it has no relation with serum insulin. Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Serum insulin, Trace elements ( Fe, Cu and Zn ) . Introduction: Trace elements are inorganic elements, which are required in the diet in really little sums, less than 100 mg/day1 and are present in our tissues in merely highly little measures, with the concentration of mcgs to pictograms per gm of moisture organ.2For this ground, they are referred to as hint elements. Trace elements have indispensable function in normal growing, development and wellness of worlds. They have their function in diverse activities such as haem synthesis, connective tissue metamorphosis, bone development and as indispensable constituent of many enzymes.3In add-on hint elements have besides been shown to act upon the hormone system. They influence the hormone system in different ways depending upon whether the metal is present in surplus or in low province. Therefore, increasing or diminishing the concentration of several hint metals has been shown to act upon the hormonal synthesis, secernment, hormonal precursor consumption into mark secretory organs, endocrine binding to aim tissues and its utilization.4 Diabetess mellitus is most common endocrine disease of worlds and is due to absolute or comparative lack of endocrine, insuline5.Diabetes mellitus is said to be of multifactorial etiology and three meshing mechanisms are thought to be responsible: familial exposure, autoimmunity and environmental factors. Although no definite environmental agent has been identified, the environmental factors implicated include viruses, fleshiness, gestation and vague environmental agents6. Research findings have emphasized that lack of certain hint elements consequences in diabetes like conditions in experimental animate beings. The hint elements, the lack of which has been shown to ensue in diabetes like symptoms are chromium7,8, zinc9, manganes10,11 and copper12. As the lack of these hint minerals resulted in diabetes like symptoms and the supplementation of the peculiar hint component readily reversed the ascertained symptoms, it can be concluded, from such surveies, that lack of these hint elements adversely influences the synthesis, secernment or action of insulin. Merely as the hint elements have been shown to act upon the insulin, alterations in the concentration of insulin have besides been shown to act upon or to be associated with alterations in the concentrations of several hint metals in the blood, urine and other tissues. Changing degrees of go arounding endocrine may either change the distribution of hint elements in assorted cellular compartments, or may bring forth a displacement of the metals to the tissues which are non usually associated with these concentration of these elements or they may alter renal or hepatic handling of hint elements ensuing in increased urinary or faecal loss of the hint minerals, thereby bring forthing entire organic structure loss4. Surveies on Ã¢â¬Å" the consequence of diabetes mellitus on hint component metamorphosis Ã¢â¬ have largely been carried out in animate beings, experimental theoretical account for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Such surveies have revealed that experimental diabetes produces alternations in the absorption13, tissue distribution14, metabolism15 and excretion16 of hint elements. Metamorphosis of Zn, Cu and Fe is greatly influenced and the hormonal instability nowadays in insulin-dependent diabetes is said to be involved in altered hint metabolism14,15. Surveies on human existences are really limited and even the survey which have been carried out, has failed to see any relationship between urinary elimination of hint elements and serum insulin. If it is true that the hormonal instability nowadays in insulin-dependent diabetes is involved in changing hint component excretion16, so there may be a relationship between urinary elimination of hint elements and serum insulin. The present survey was hence, aimed to look into the serum insulin and urinary elimination of hint elements ( Fe, Cu and Zn ) in normal, insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes in an effort to happen any correlativity between serum insulin and urinary elimination of Fe, Cu and Zn. Study besides included the comparing of all these parametric quantities among diabetic and normal topics.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Patients:70 human diabetics, including both males and females, on out-of-door intervention at assorted outpatient sections and at diabetic clinic, DHQ, Mirpur, AJ & A ; K, Peshawar were studied. Diabetic patients had fasting plasma glucose degree of more than 140 mg/dl or random blood glucose degree of more than 200 mg/dl on more than one juncture. Patients were divided into two groups depending on manner of intervention: Insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent. 20 normal healthy topics with no household history of diabetes were taken as controls. Both control and diabetic topics fulfilled the undermentioned standards: Their ages ranged from 25-60 old ages. They were normotensives, with normal nephritic maps and no albuminuria. None of these had open grounds of liver, enteric or endocrinal upset. Subjects holding steroids, or taking any vitamin or mineral supplementation were non included in the survey. Patients were asked to stop insulin for 24-48 hours and unwritten hypoglycaemic drugs for 5 yearss before roll uping the urine samples.Collection of blood samples:Blood was drawn from each patient and normal topic after 10-12 hours fast from an antecubital vena between 8.00-10.00 a.m. Serum was separated within one hr. Glucose appraisal was carried out immediately. Serum for insulin appraisal was stored at -20AÃ °C boulder clay analysis.Collection of urine samples:24 hours urine samples were collected in 4-5 litre plastic containers, washed with 15 % HCl and rinsed thrice with deionized H2O. Each patient was provided with a labeled container and a bag in which to transport the container at his or her visit to the infirmary and at the same clip, the patient was asked to stop the intervention, and to get down urine aggregation after 5 yearss in instance of unwritten hypoglycaemic drugs and 24-48 hours, in instance the patient was taking insulin. On the twenty-four hours of blood tryin g container was collected and the patient was asked about figure of times he or she had missed invalidating into the aggregation container. Merely the urine aggregations reported as complete were used in the analysis. Immediately after aggregation, the volume of each specimen was recorded. 20 milliliter of each urine specimen was centrifuged for 10 proceedingss to take bacteriums, cells, dramatis personaes and other particulate stuffs. 15 milliliter of the supernatant was decanted in plastic bottles and stored at -20AÃ °C boulder clay analysis. It was used for appraisal of Fe, Cu and Zn. 1ml of piss was used for sensing of proteins by chemical method utilizing sulfosalicylic acid. All the glass and plastic ware used were soaked in 15 % HCl overnight and so rinsed thrice with deionized H2O. Serum glucose was measured by glucose oxidase/peroxidase colorimetric method utilizing analytical kit ( Boehringer Manheim GmbH Diagnostica ) . Serum insulin was measured by RIA utilizing analytical kit provided by Diagnostic Products Corporation, Los Angles, USA. Urinary Fe was measured by method of Olson and Hamlim17, likewise as for serum. Urinary Cu and Zn were measured by method of Dawson et Al. ( Cited by Varley ) 18. Atomic soaking up spectrophotometer model3030-B Perkin Elmer Company, Norwalk was used for the three hint elements. Students paired't Ã¢â¬Ë trial was used for statistical analysis.TABLE-1AGE, SEX AND WEIGHT OF NORMAL SUBJECTS AND DIABETIC PATIENTS: The tabular array shows the age, sex and organic structure weight of normal and diabetic patients. The values are average AÃ ± s. e. m. The entire figure of topics is given in parametric quantities. DIABETIC PATIENTS The patients enduring from diabetes were grouped harmonizing to the manner of intervention. The average serum values AÃ ± s. e. m for glucose and insulin in different groups are given. Number of topics is given in parentheses.TABLE-3Fast SERUM IRON, COPPER AND ZINC IN NORMAL SUBJECTS AND DIABETIC PATIENTS Serum Fe, Cu and Zn were measured by atomic soaking up spectrophotometery. Concentrations are expressed as mean values AÃ ±s. e. m. Number of topics is given in parentheses. P & lt ; 0.001 = The Valuess are extremely important as compared to normal control topics.TABLE-4COMPARISON OF 24-HOUR URINE VOLUME, URINARY IRON, COPPER AND ZINC IN NORMAL SUBJECTS AND DIABETIC PATIENTS The values are expressed as average AÃ ± s. e. m. Number of topics is parentheses. P & lt ; 0.001 = Valuess are extremely important as compared to command topics.Consequence:Table 1 describes the ages, sex and weight of normal topics and diabetic patients. Age and organic structure weight of insulin-dependent diabetics showed no important difference. While in non-insulin-dependent diabetics it was higher ( p & lt ; 0.001 ) as compared to controls. Fasting serum glucose and immunoreactive insulin in normal topics and diabetic patients are shown in table 2. There is significance addition in serum glucose degrees in diabetic patients ( p & lt ; 0.001 ) and this addition is more pronounced in insulin-dependent diabetics as compared to non-insulin-dependent diabetics. Serum insulin is significantly increased in non-insulin-dependent diabetics ( P & lt ; 0.001 ) , while in insulin-dependent diabetics, the serum insulin is significantly decreased ( p & lt ; 0.001 ) as compared to normal controls. Table 3 describes the 24 hours urinary volume and elimination of Fe, Cu and zinc/24 hours in normal topics every bit good as diabetic patients. The consequences of this tabular array indicate that urine volume is significantly increased in diabetic patients as compared to normal topics ( P & lt ; 0.001 ) and this is significantly higher in insulin-dependent diabetics as compared to non-insulin-dependent diabetics ( P & lt ; 0.001 ) . 24 hours urinary elimination of Fe, Cu and Zn is besides significantly increased in both the classs of diabetes ( P & lt ; 0.001 ) , with significantly more elimination in insulin-dependent diabetics ( P & lt ; 0.001 ) than non-insulin-dependent diabetics. Table 4 gives the urinary elimination of Fe, Cu and Zn per millilitre, in normal and diabetic topics. The consequences indicate that urinary elimination of Fe, Cu and Zn per millilitre is besides significantly increased in diabetics as compared to controls and once more this addition is significantly more pronounced in insulin-dependent diabetics than in non-insulin-dependent diabetics.Discussion:Marked alterations in hint component metamorphosis have been demonstrated in streptozotocin-diabetic rate14,15. Prolonged streptozotocin induced diabetes besides interferes, with normal form of bone mineralization19. Increased elimination of Fe, Cu and Zn has been reported in experimental diabetes in rates16. Surveies of triumph et al.20 provided direct grounds of influence of hormonal instability on hint metals. Our findings support and widen the old work. Zinc elimination among normal topics is 420.07AÃ ±14.7 AÃ µg/day and is in conformity with the by and large stated average Zn elimination of 300-600 AÃ µg/day18. Similarly urinary elimination of Fe and Cu is besides within the normal international mention scope. Consequences besides demonstrate that diabetic status is associated with increased 24 hours urinary elimination of the three micronutrients zinc, Cu and Fe. Among the diabetics in both insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetics average elimination was in surplus of 600 AÃ µg/day. Similarly Fe and Cu elimination was besides significantly higher in both the insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetics as compared to controls. Hyperzincuria has antecedently been reported in diabetic humans22.214.171.124. Although exact mechanism of increased urinary elimination has non been elucidated, assorted possible mechanisms have been proposed. Diabetic status consequences in increased glomerular filtration rate and it is suggested that such an change in nephritic map may lend to the increased urinary losingss of the hint elements16. But, the observation that addition in urine volume brought approximately by imbibing extra H2O did non change the entire urinary Zn elimination in non-diabetics21 would on the other manus indicate that the polyuria of diabetes may non be an of import determiner of Hyperzincuria or increased elimination of other hint elements in diabetes. This is farther supported by fact that when the concentrations were expressed per millilitre of piss, statistically important differences were still observed. Increased urinary loss of Fe Cu and Zn could be explained by increased dietetic consumption but urinary loss of Fe, Cu and Zn varies small with dietetic consumption because the predominant healthy excretory path in healthy adult male is the enteric piece of land. Increased urinary elimination reflects acute alterations in biologic stores25. No addition in urinary Zn has been seen when dietetic consumption is doubled in human topics. The surplus is eliminated via the feces24. The possibility of difference between diabetics and normal in their selective soaking up of hint elements in the intestine can non be ignored but information on this facet is non available. Pidduck et al.24 has proposed three possible mechanisms. It could be that Hyperzincuria or increased elimination of Fe and Cu indicates an abnormalcy of production or dislocation of metalloenzymes or metal-enzymes composites. It is possible that some portion of organic structure is bring forthing its ain metabolites with chelating belongingss, it could be the pancreas of the diabetic which is disorganized in the manner, suggested. Family surveies suggest a important heritability of urinary Zn elimination in 19 households. Some households be givening to be low urinary Zn excreters and others high. It would look possible that urinary elimination of Zn or perchance other hint elements is controlled by allelomorphs at a figure of venue and that diabetics possess a different mixture of allelomorphs to those possessed by non-diabetics. It is besides believed that increased elimination is chiefly of endogenous beginning for illustration, musculus breakdown16 or diabetic bone loss. However, the bone mineral loss in diabetics can merely account for less than 10 % of the diabetic hyperzincuria22. Urinary Zn losingss are specially increased during katabolic states26. Intense exercising may increase urinary losingss and it has been shown that exercising additions skeletal musculus protein dislocation and such phenomena could increase urinary Zn losses27. Zinc elimination is shown to increase under assortment of katabolic conditions and Zn is reported to be derived from skeletal musculus. Although the surveies have been carried out for Zn, the skeletal musculus protein breakdown my lead to increased, urinary elimination of Fe and Cu. Untreated diabetes may stand for a katabolic province and addition in skeletal musculus protein turnover and it is likely that urinary elimination of Fe, Cu and Zn may be derived from skeletal musculus tissue. As none of the patients had albuminurias, the increased urinary losingss of these trace metals may possibly be due to altered hormone position seen in diabetes and non due to diabetic kidney disease. This decision is supported by fact that improved metabolic control in diabetic rats by insulin intervention resulted in significantly reduced elimination of Fe, Cu and Zn in the urine16 in diabetic worlds in the Restoration of normozincuria16. No relation could be found between serum insulin and day-to-day urinary elimination of Fe, Cu and Zn in either normal persons or diabetic patients. This may be due to the ground that endocrine relationships in uncontrolled diabetes become extremely complex because glucagon and glucocorticoids degrees are increased in response to insulin lack. Both of these are shown to act upon the serum or urinary degrees of hint elements. Other ground may be that the go arounding immunoreactive insulin in diabetics may non be active biologically. Non-insulin-dependent diabetes had significantly higher organic structure weight every bit compared to controls. Association between increased organic structure weight and no-insulin-dependent diabetes has antecedently been described26. Obesity is of much greater importance than either race or sex in the etiology of non-insulin-dependent diabetes29. Therefore, a recommendation against going fleshy might be given. A sum of 25 patients ( 35.7 % ) out of 70 had a positive household history of diabetes. High per centum of patients holding positive household history of diabetes suggests a insouciant relationship of this factor with the disease. This survey may hold clinical and pathological deductions. If there is increased elimination of hint elements in diabetes, this may connote that when dietetic degrees are deficient, the patient Ã¢â¬Ës tissues are depleted in favour of increased urinary elimination. In this instance, it is speculated that physiological degrees of these foods may be low and some of the pathological events seen in diabetics may be related to or partially explained by lack of these hint elements. For illustration, there is increased incidence of inborn deformities in diabetic pregnancy30 and lack of Cu and Zn has besides been reported to be associated with inborn malformations31. Copper lack is associated with impaired collagen synthesis and increased incidence of breaks. Increased incidence of self-generated breaks has besides been reported in diabetes19. But verification of cause and consequence relationship of these phenomena necessesitates farther surveies.
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In the process of globalization, the intimate relationship between people from different racial, ethnic, national and regional groups becomes such a normative thing and is seen as good sign of integration process and social diversity. According to Ho (1990), the definition of Ã¢â¬Å"intercultural marriageÃ¢â¬ is explained as the marriage between partners from different racial, ethnic, national or religious backgrounds. Now intercultural marriage becomes a trend and receives a massive notice, which explains why it appears as frequent topic on several magazines, news, documentariesÃ¢â¬ ¦ Many couples now are more interesting in this topic and also can have better advices in this field than they were 30 years ago, when intercultural marriage was such anÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦With the rising number of intercultural couples, more and more people raising bicultural children, the demand for good advices about this issue is also in high needed. 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Different cultures have different values, which have an important impact on and served as a potential conflict to intercultural marriage life. This means that the couples have to deal with various differences in their worldviews, which is the reason behind all misunderstands and disagreements, make their lives become more complex. For example, Americans consider making sound when eating soup is aShow MoreRelatedIntercultural Communication21031 Words Ã |Ã 85 PagesI. INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION. FRAMEWORK ...the single greatest barrier to business success is the one erected by culture. Edward T. Hall and Mildred Reed Hall Why study Intercultural Communication? Cultural diversity and multiculturalism are the realities of everyday life for almost everyone. The growth of interdependence of people and cultures in the global society of the twenty-first century has forced us to pay more attention to intercultural issues. 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