Monday, May 25, 2020
57. What is Explanation for Ã¢â¬ËFalling in /out of LoveÃ¢â¬â¢? Ã¢â¬ ¢ TRUE LOVE Is The Intellectualized Feeling. That is Correct Cosmological Definition of Love. True or Universal Love foundation presence in Consciousness REQUIRES both the highest degree of such Balance attained, and the highest degree of Harmony between Intelligence Feelings. If that is achieved then all preconditions for Manifestation of Universal Love are in place. In each and every terrestrial human there is certain, mostly Ã¢â¬ËlowÃ¢â¬â¢ level of Balance between Intelligence and Feeling. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Falling in /out of love is a mental process based on strictly Ã¢â¬Ëone poleÃ¢â¬â¢ status, and on the automatic function of procreation. It is Ã¢â¬ËartificiallyÃ¢â¬â¢ released process of attraction. NO WILL IS INVOLVED! A Large portion of emotional life is converted into Ã¢â¬Ësex-urgeÃ¢â¬â¢ known under term Ã¢â¬ËFalling in LoveÃ¢â¬â¢ with sub-aspects as eroticism mating. A Clear example of an Ã¢â¬Ëunintellectualized feelingÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬Ëfalling in loveÃ¢â¬â¢ is uncontrolled, Ã¢â¬Ëred hotÃ¢â¬â¢ expression of Ã¢â¬ËaffectionÃ¢â¬â¢ for hardly known or completely unknown individual of opposite pole domination, which in favorable terms intensely subconsciously stimulates Ã¢â¬Ëprocreation Ã¢â¬âproviderÃ¢â¬â¢ aspect. That Ã¢â¬ËstimulatorÃ¢â¬â¢ could be nearby or thousand miles away, could be just an Ã¢â¬ËuntouchableÃ¢â¬â¢ image on the TV or mobile screen, which prolongs the longing because of unattainability, but an Ã¢â¬ËimageÃ¢â¬â ¢ always with projected Ã¢â¬ËassociatedÃ¢â¬â¢ superb features. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ËFalling in loveÃ¢â¬â¢ covers Ã¢â¬ËaspectsÃ¢â¬â¢ such as Ã¢â¬Å"marriage, family life,Show MoreRelatedLiterary Analysis Of Sonnet 127-152766 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Sarena Pacheco English IV Dual Mr. Lechuga 17 November, 2017 Literary Analysis Sonnets 127-152 by William Shakespeare explores the imagery of falling in love and how the cause of that can have painful emotional and physical consequences. In sonnets 127- 152 clearly state that the so called dark lady, expresses a more obsessive physical love that the young man. The intro to sonnet 127 is about the meaning of such beauty; as stated, Ã¢â¬Å"In the old age black was not counted fairÃ¢â¬ ¦But now is black beautyÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreEssay about Country Lovers versus The Necklace886 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand attention-grabbing to any readers, especially to those who are aware of American History and the heightened racial tension between the African Americans and the Caucasians in the South (Study mode).Country Lovers is a story based on forbidden love between an African American woman named Thebedi and a Caucasian male named Paulus. Paulus is the owners son where Thebeti and her family worked at on the farm. While The Necklace is a story based on a middle class couple whose wife dreams to be richRead MoreKate Chopins Desirees Baby Essay1112 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDÃ ©sirÃ ©eÃ¢â¬â¢s Baby is like an intricate AesopÃ¢â¬â¢s fable, or a fable for adults. Also an analysis of the characters helps us understand the story and itÃ¢â¬â¢s meaning. The main character, which presents the conflict in the story, is Armand Aubigny. To fully understand the story and its elements we must look carefully at Armand and his erratic behavior. One of the major aspects of Armand is his unpredictability. First he falls in love with DÃ ©sirÃ ©e without any sign, later he changes his moods back and forth in howRead MoreThe Cheater s Guide For Love By Junot Diaz997 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHave you ever wondered how someone can go from their lowest point in life, struggle and face their demons and end up back on top? If you have, then you should read, The CheaterÃ¢â¬â¢s Guide to Love, by Junot Diaz. In his story, The CheaterÃ¢â¬â¢s Guide to Love, Diaz covers the journey of Yunior of finding and losing love and the ups and downs along the way. This journey is chronicled by year, starting at year Ã¢â¬Å"0Ã¢â¬ the breakup and ending in year Ã¢â¬Å"5Ã¢â¬ where he starts to write his story. Throughout the storyRead MoreMaria Alejandrina Cervantes in Chronicle of a Death Foretold1239 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesin her arms, and that the child was chewing without stopping to take a breath, and that half-chewed kernels of corn we re falling into the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s brassiere. The woman said to me: Ã¢â¬ËShe crunches like a nutty nuthatch, kind of sloppy, kind of slurpy.Ã¢â¬â¢ Suddenly I felt the anxious fingers that were undoing the buttons of my shirt, and I caught the dangerous smell of the beast of love lying on my back, and I felt myself sinking into the delights of quicksand of her tenderness.Ã¢â¬ (89-90). Maria AlejandrinaRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMonumental Texts (An Analysis of the Three Most Important Texts Studied This Semester) Literature affects every aspect of our lives. The great, classic writers teach timeless, valuable life skills. Shakespeare was the greatest writer of all time. His writings mainly consisted of dramas and sonnets. Romeo and Juliet, as well as, A MIdsummer NightÃ¢â¬â¢s Dream were written about the same time period. He was able to inter relate everything that wrote. For example, the tale of Pyramus and Thisbe couldRead MoreThe Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins710 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢The hunger gamesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ is a novel written by Suzanne Collins, published in 2008. The genre of the book is thriller/survival, and is written over 27 chapters with 454 pages. In this analysis, I will tell you about how the main character Katniss changes through the novel, and tell you a little about the central characters that plays an important role for her. Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢The Hunger GamesÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢, is set in the future in the country Panem, and is about the sixteen-year-old girl, Katniss Everdeen. Panem is divided intoRead MoreAnalysis Of A Trailer Of A Movie Or Advertisement From A Systemic Functional Analysis1344 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAn analysis of a trailer of a movie or advertisement from a systemic functional analysis can be used to identify the semiotic techniques or resources that are the aspects for gender stereotypes. Semiotic resources such as perspective angle, gaze, and the plane of composition are used to investigate the stereotype implications of masculine and feminist. These same resources are applicable to advertisements (Terence).This paper discusses the gender semiotic facts in filming based on a review of FastRead MoreWuthering Heights by Emily BrontÃ «1111 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCatherine and Heathcliff feel as if they are soul mates. But to Heathcliff despair outside forces begin to pull them a part. After falling in love with Catherine .She reject him for Edgar Linton who has money and status. Heathcliff run away with Isabella Edgar sister. Heathcliff becomes wealthy and respected. He takes over Wuthering Heights and Thrush cross Grange Heathcliff love Catherine in the story, although he is driven to revenge as he cannot have her. Major Characters: Mr. Earnshaw is the one whoRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Schubert 903 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAvrial Turner Dr. Greenough Theory IV 5 April 2017 Schubert Analysis As the only Ã¢â¬Å"canonic Viennese composer native to Vienna,Ã¢â¬ Schubert, 1792-1828, Ã¢â¬Å"made seminal contributionsÃ¢â¬ in multiple areas of musical composition, but he Ã¢â¬Å"most especiallyÃ¢â¬ made contributions to the area of Ã¢â¬Å"German liedÃ¢â¬ (Winter). His distinctive style could be part in due to the fact that he was native to Vienna, unlike other Ã¢â¬Å"celebrated musicians of Vienna like Haydn, Mozart, [...] and BeethovenÃ¢â¬ (Winter). Throughout SchubertÃ¢â¬â¢s
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Lady Gaga is a singer, songwriter that has recently reached superstar status. Her footprint began within the music industry in 2008 and since then, she has become a household name. However, music is not the only entity that makes Lady Gaga a household name. Because her artistic nature goes beyond creating music, brands have sought her creative talent. She had a hand in designing headphones created by a legendary artist and producer (France, 2009), and has designed Polaroid Products like camera glasses and an instant digital camera (Lady gaga named, 2010). Lady Gaga also has a brand partnership with mobile telephone network operator, Virgin Mobile and is a contributor to the MAC CosmeticsÃ¢â¬â¢ Viva Glam advertising campaign (Vena, 2010).Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They also must consider the risk of uncontrollable circumstances. For example, concerts canceled due to venue or weather issues. It is imperative to identify the target audience of Gaga and the current environment capa ble of promoting a steady growth for new Lady Gaga fans who will patronize seats for a new concert. Based on her popularity and ability to fill up Ã¢â¬Å"megaÃ¢â¬ venues during her MonsterÃ¢â¬â¢s Ball Tour, Carter could look at additional venues that support larger crowds and consider cities that Lady Gaga has yet to perform. Section III: Secondary Problems While reaching superstar status within the music industry presents multiple challenges, activities behind the scenes are what makes or breaks an artist. The level of collaboration involved in producing an album or hosting a tour is equally critical as Lady Gaga remembering the words to her songs. With any success story, long hours and hard work are always involved. Lady Gaga would not want her team overworked, without rewarding results. Lady GagaÃ¢â¬â¢s team has what it takes to have an off the charts album. HBR Case #2 5 They must first decide whether concert-ticket sales or recorded-music sales are more important in launching her new album and forwarding her music career. In a sense, Lady GagaÃ¢â¬â¢s compelling image is congruent with her music, which led her career to skyrocket.Show MoreRelatedMarketing Mix Analysis, And s Growth Matrix3309 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pages Executive Summary Beats By Dre has quickly become a global brand since its release in 2008. People have criticized their products, calling them overrated. Our goal today isnÃ¢â¬â¢t to review the products Beats has released, but to analyze the strategies Beats went through to become the best selling headphone company. It is important to understand the strategies companies have used to learn from not only their successes but also their failures. This report will address and highlight strategies suchRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 Pages1 1 Introduction What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Importance of Interpersonal Skills 4 What Managers Do 5 Management Functions 6 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Management Roles 6 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Management Skills 8 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Effective versus Successful Managerial Activities 8 Ã¢â¬ ¢ A Review of the ManagerÃ¢â¬â¢s Job 9 Enter Organizational Behavior 10 Complementing Intuition with Systematic Study 11 Disciplines That Contribute to the OB Field 13 Psychology 14 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Social Psychology 14 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Sociology 14 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Anthropology 14 There Are Few Absolutes inRead MoreSocial Media Business Model Analysis - Case Tencent, Facebook, and Myspace34799 Words Ã |Ã 140 Pagesl Social Media Business Model Analysis - Case Tencent, Facebook, and Myspace Logistics Master s thesis Xiaoyan Hu 2011 Department of Information and Service Economy Aalto University School of Economics ABSTRACT The term of social media is becoming increasingly popular presently, the amount of social media users is growing dramatically, and the monetization of social media has been discussed in publications but not in details. Nowadays, the most frequently used approach to make money forRead MoreSocial Media Business Model Analysis - Case Tencent, Facebook, and Myspace34799 Words Ã |Ã 140 Pagesl Social Media Business Model Analysis - Case Tencent, Facebook, and Myspace Logistics Masters thesis Xiaoyan Hu 2011 Department of Information and Service Economy Aalto University School of Economics ABSTRACT The term of social media is becoming increasingly popular presently, the amount of social media users is growing dramatically, and the monetization of social media has been discussed in publications but not in details. Nowadays, the most frequently used approach to make money forRead MoreCase Study148348 Words Ã |Ã 594 PagesStudent Work Assignments Case Study Teaching Notes 6 7 8 8 12 19 20 25 27 27 28 28 29 Chapters 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Introducing Strategy The Environment Strategic Capabilities Strategic Purpose Culture and Strategy Business Strategy Corporate Strategy and Diversification International Strategy Innovation and Entrepreneurship Mergers, Acquisitions and Alliances Evaluating Strategies Strategy Development Processes Organising for Success Leadership and Strategic Change
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Crises Management in Public Schools Review of Crisis in Public Schools throughout the United States Throughout the United States students in public schools have experienced many crises. Students have witnessed or experienced many different types of crisis which can include: violence, death, accidents, family issues, natural disasters and terrorism. Statistics from the National Center for Educational Statistics (2008) show that in the 2003-04 school year there were 19 homicides and 3 suicides that occurred at school. Outside of school in the 2003-04 school year there were 1,437 homicides and 1,285 suicides of youth ages 5 to 18. According to the Fatality Analysis Reporting System Encyclopedia (2008) in the year 2007, there wereÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Resent research on crisis management plans The Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA (2008) created a 161 page crisis prevention and response plan for schools to use as a resource. In it they define the major facets of crisis response as being: 1. communica tion, 2. direction and coordination, and 3. health and safety. These major facets should be implemented during the emergency, immediate aftermath, days/weeks following, and in prevention. The Psychological First Aid approach which was developed by the National Center for PTSD to help children, adolescents, adults, and families in the immediate aftermath of disaster and terrorism should also be included in the crisis management plan. It is Ã¢â¬Å"designed to reduce the initial distress caused by traumatic events and to foster short-and long-term adaptive functioning and copingÃ¢â¬ (NCTSN, 2006). The Psychological First Aid for school aged children should be implemented immediately after the trauma and includes three basic objectives: managing the situation, mobilizing support, and following up. Definition and signs of posttraumatic stress disorder Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Ã¢â¬Å"is an anxiety disorder that can occur after you have been through a traumatic eventÃ¢â¬ ¦ during this type of event, you think that your life orShow MoreRelatedCrisis Management Tenerife7570 Words Ã |Ã 31 PagesTerm Project Crisis Management Tenerife Planes Crash Case Study Table of Contents Contents Page Abstract History Key Discussion Question 1 Ã¢â¬â 9 Conclusion and Recommendation References 1 3 5 21 23 Abstract The Tenerife Disaster is a well known event among the aviation industry for being the worst air accident in human history. A Dutch KLM 747 and an American Pan Am 747 crashed into each other at a Spanish airport in the Canary Islands resulted in 583 death and a extensive mediaRead MoreCoffee and Crisis Management Team21317 Words Ã |Ã 86 PagesCoffee Company Crisis Case - Part I Dr. Phillip G. Clampitt Cases in Media Management August 1, 2009 Crisis Management Team: PuRr-Luscious Ladies Debra Dobson Diane LeVeque Joyce Jentges Karen Sobiesczyk Proposed Crisis Management Plan 2 Table of Contents - Part I Purpose of Crisis PlanÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.......Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦4 Overview of Starbucks. Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦......Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..........5 Acknowledgement Forms ...Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦............Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦.......10 Crisis Rehearsal DatesRead MoreCrisis management; BP2129 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Introduction When an organization is in a crisis, it dominates the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s agenda and requires immediate action. The way the organization responds to a crisis can differ in many ways. In this essay I would like to discuss the crisis of the British concern British Petroleum (BP). At first I would like to provide more information about the crisis and its consequences, then I will identify the kind of crisis we have to deal with, I will discuss the several communication strategies BP have usedRead MoreCase Study : Crisis Management Strategy Report Essay3286 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesThe PR Firm 10 Shortland St Auckland 1010 25 May 2015 Media Works 3 Flower St Eden Terrace Auckland Dear Mr Weldon RE: Crisis Management Strategy Report Here is the final version of the crisis management strategy report which was commissioned by yourself on Monday 5 May 2014. This report outlines the current crisis situation and provides a range of crisis communication strategies and methodologies that are suggested for use immediately. Thank you for giving The PR Firm the opportunity toRead MoreCrisis Management Planning579 Words Ã |Ã 2 Pagescoverage is typically positive, the interest of the media gets more difficult as high profile scandals take place, which can be rather damaging. Therefore, a relevant public relations crisis response plan needs to be developed. A brief overview of the current writings on the issue exposes the need of crisis management planning to be Ã¢â¬Å"quick, be consistent, and be openÃ¢â¬ (Coombs, 2006, p. 172). First of all, a consistent message should be delivered by either one or more spokespersons, so that the informationRead MoreTylenol vs. Toyota: Crisis Management at Its Best and Worst4165 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesTylenol Vs. Toyota: Crisis Management at Its Best and Worst Tylenol and Toyota are two companies that have faced adversity in the form of crises. In Chicago in 1982, Tylenol was faced with the crisis of people dying from consuming its medication. The company acted quickly and appropriately; it was able to minimize its negative publicity and clear its image. Toyota has had its own recent crisis, and has been forced to recall over 8.5 million vehicles in the past seven months due to defective acceleratorRead MoreCrisis Management And Prevention Process Essay1169 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDate: Crisis Management and Prevention Process Introduction This paper will extensively cover the crisis prevention process. By citing various examples of crises that have occurred in the past, the crisis prevention process will be made more vivid. Additionally, this article will outline a variety of methodologies to be followed in the event of a crisis. It will also give personal opinions on the case of crisis prevention and farther explain the role of various societal authorities in crisis escalationRead MoreCrisis Management: Disaster in Chile Essay3388 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesenormous applauds from the world for their meticulous and systematic crisis management. Based on the Chile mine disaster, I would like to discuss some issues arising from the catastrophe in which it will be the nature of the crisis, the steps of crisis management, and the effectiveness of Chilean government on the crisis management. First of all, I would like to talk about about the nature of crises. In order to manage a crisis, one must first understand that crises occur abruptly, it cannot beRead MoreReexamining Crisis Management Philosophy1699 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthis paper, I present two riveting case scenarios containing the unadulterated recollection of my direct personal experiences in crisis management. Both cases provide authoritative details of life threatening events and the quick response by key individuals with direct corporate responsibility for managing the pre-crisis, in-crisis and post-crisis events. Crisis management is a highly complex field. Therefore, a plausible approach to managing crises would require simplifying the functional relationshipRead MoreCrisis and Emergency Management15250 Words Ã |Ã 61 PagesCRISIS AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT: A Guide for Managers of the Public Service of Canada CCMD Action-Research Roundtable on Crisis Management CHAIRED BY ANDRÃâ° GLADU BY PATRICK BOISVERT AND RAPHAÃâ¹L MOORE For more information or copies, please contact the Research and University Relations Branch of the Canadian Centre for Management Development Telephone: (613) 947-3682 Facsimile: (613) 992-1736 Internet: email@example.com The opinions expressed in this publication are those
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Steroids In Sports Essay All about SteroidsUnderstanding steroidSteroids natureSteroids that are used by athletes are the artificial form of testosterone, a human hormone released by the body to stimulate and maintain the male sexual organs. Testosterone is called a male hormone since it is produced in men in large quantities compared to the quantity produced in women (Mishra, 1-2). Hormones that are produced by the testes and the adrenal gland in men and ovaries and adrenal gland in women contains certain kind of fat called steroids, natural ones, which means solid in Greek. The body produces about 600 different kinds of steroids called androgens these kinds include testosterone. The amount of testosterone produced in males is about 10 to 15 times more than in women. For this reason we notice that women who uses steroids have masculine characteristics (Yesalis, 23-24). A male human body produce an average of 2.5 to 11 mg of testosterone daily, while the average user of steroids take about 100 mg daily (Mish ra, 2). When we talk about steroids we are referring to the anabolic-androgenic steroids, but athletes are more concerned with the anabolic property. Anabolic in Greek means, to build while androgenic means masculinizing. Androgenic effect plays a role in the maturation of the male reproduction system and is responsible for hair growth and the deepening of the voice while anabolic effect helps in the growth of the muscles by providing them by retained protein (Anabolic steroids, 1). Anabolic steroids are the result from tests that are were made to produce a drug that has tissue-building ability that of the testosterone and at the same time separating it from testosterones masculinizing properties. Since the separation did not fully worked out, the proper name of this drug is anabolic-androgenic steroids although it is called anabolic steroids or just steroids (Yesalis, 24). Steroids DevelopmentFrom the early ages man was concerned in increasing his power and his sexual ability. Athl etes in the old Greek used to take some wine mixed with strychnine, stimulus of the CNS, taken from plants. Others ate hallucinogenic drugs (Reuters, 1). In 140 BC Indians used to eat testicle tissue that gave them sexual ability and helped in overcoming impotence problems. During 2000 Babylonians noticed that castration did not only caused fertility problems but also they lose their aggressiveness and power (Yesalis, 31-32). Steroids were first developed in the 1930s By Dr. Charles Kockakian, who was called the father of anabolic steroids, to prevent body tissues from breaking down due diseases, but the illegal use of steroids started in the Olympic games in the 1950s after the athletic committee has found that Russian athletes and some East European nations athletics won the majority of the medals and that was due to the use of steroids (Mishra, 1). This was a result after Paul de Kruif a science writer suggested in 1940s the idea of using the tissue-building drug to be used in sp orts so that athletes could enhance their performance. However, the mystery of the movement of drugs from laboratory to sports is not discovered yet, since no one know how steroids invaded every kind of sports (Yesalis, 34-36). After discovering the tissue-building property so many researches were done to isolate this property from androgenic property, but this was impossible. Researchers changed the testosterones chemical structure by adding esters that is a combination of alcohol and acid after water is removed. These testosterone esters became the major drug for all athletes (Yesalis, 34). Using WaysSteroids can be taken in many different ways; it could be orally (pills or capsules), by injection with a syringe (as a viscous liquid), or by skin creams or patches. Steroids that are taken orally have their chemical structure helps them to be quickly cleaned by the liver but at the same time it is toxic to the liver. Steroids users often take steroids in cycles each episode lasts from 6 to 12 weeks or more. During their cycles users begin with low doses then increase the doses to go back to lower doses (Yesalis, 25). Moreover, users always stack, use different kinds of steroids and that to give more effect and reduce side effects and avoid detection (Ringhofer, 174). Some steroids users take other drugs concurrently with steroids this is called array. The aim behind these drugs is to lessen the side effects of steroids. For example these drugs could contain diuretic to handle fluid retention, anti-estrogens to prevent breast development, chorionic gonadotrophine to reduce testicular atrophy and anti-acne medication. Athletes take dosage depending on each particular sport; sprinters take about 1.5 to 2 times than the normal average which is 7 mg of testosterone a day, while body builders who are seeking to bulk up take about 10 to 100 more than the normal average (Yesalis, 26). Users and Causes of Using SteroidsThere are so many different kinds of people who use steroids; mainly they are athletes who want to compete, kids who are trying it for the first time and other school athletes, coaches in the GYM take steroids so they will look more muscular and huge from those who are training. On the other side, some people who perform hard work like policeman, fireman uses steroids to be more energetic. Models, dancers, and movie stars all of them take steroids for a better image (Yesalis, 5). Steroids have a medical use too. They help many patients who are going to make a surgery, for the elderly how want to regulate their hormones and many others use ster oids to fight problems resulting from HIV and AIDS. But all these will not be our issue of discussion in this paper since we will concentrate on athletes use of steroids (Yesalis, 6). The sociological aspect is the main reason behind using steroids. So many athletes and people mainly males think that large and strong muscles will give them a masculine look. Others accept nothing but winning and this put a lot of pressure on them; in such cases, they start taking steroids. Other reason behind steroids use is that some school or college athletes are looking forward for a scholarship and steroids can help a lot. Moreover, people are concerned more with short-term results than long-term health consequences (Mishra, 3). Mechanism of ActionThere is one clear evidence that during hard training two things happen. First, the level of testosterone drops in the human body to the level of the castrated one. The other thing is that body release glucocrticoids which break down tissue, catabolic effect. We conclude that over training may cause muscle decrease. As a result the importance of steroids use while training is increasing. Steroids help in increasing protein syntheses through its interaction with the targeted tissue. So after the DNA in the cell, chromosome, interact with the anabolic steroids that have reached through the blood, various enzyme, structural and contractile proteins formation take place. This helps muscles to grow faster (Yesalis, 27-29). The other thing is Placebo Effect; it is the physical or the psychological change that results from taking an inert substance, believing that this inert will have a therapeutic effect. This was the case even in ancient times. Placebo effects result fr om a persons imagination that he can achieve more, moreover in some cases there are improvements based on objective clinical standards (Yesalis, 30-31). Finally, Nervous System and Psychological effects; our main concern is aggression that is associated with harsh sports, like wrestling, is looked at as an improving performance act. However, it is logical that more aggressiveness while training leads to more benefit, and makes the person achieve more and at the same time athletes would not feel their pain and fatigue. Never the less, studies indicated that steroids have biochemical foundation since in addition for the steroids effect on CNS and neuromuscular junction, a huge muscular man acting in an aggressive way will be noticed more than a small man acting aggressively since the larger man can do greater damage (Yesalis, 30) Steroids EffectAthletes Performance and appearanceAfter some doses of steroids a person will witness an increase in appetite, aggression, energy and rapid re covery from workouts. All of this happens at the beginning and without noticing any side effects (Ringhofer, 175). The main objective of athletes behind using steroids is that they need to increase their strength, increase muscle mass and reduce fat, also to increase their endurance and a faster recovery from exercise so they can practice more often (Yesalis, 40). All relevant information about steroids effect on performance is based on athletes experience and studies made on human. Based on these studies the effect is divided into three categories: Aerobic capacity and endurance, body composition, and strength performance (Yesalis, 41). 76.6% / 1862 words / There are no equal opportuniti... EssayEducational ApproachEducation plays a major role in controlling steroids. Many schools added steroids wakefulness to their educational programs explaining their real dangers (Yesalis, 87). Oregon Model of education against steroids carried by the Oregon health sciences university, Portland, says that neither scare tactics is a way to stop athletes from taking steroids, nor a lecture at the beginning of the sports season. Their work emphasized more on the behavioral intent, body image, incentives toward drug use and arresting drug traders. The program did not only involve the athletes but also the parents, the teams and coaches so they will be able to create a healthy social sphere (Yesalis, 90). In addition, the ATLAS, Adolescents Training and Learning to Avoid Steroids, prevention program approved that participants, relative to a control group, were less dragged to steroids and trying it since they know its side effects i n addition to its benefits, as a result they know how to avoid it and concentrate more on their nutrition. The ATLAS program has fourteen sessions with three main concepts. First, weight training skills. Second, nutrition information for sports. Last, anabolic steroids education, like that of Oregon (Yesalis, 91). Treatment programsSome times stopping steroids may cause major consequences, so the most important thing is to keep a bond with the athlete and provide him with proper education, counseling, and reassurance. For this reason the doctor treating the athlete must not be judgmental, he must be knowledgeable and understanding (Yesalis, 124). Anabolic steroids are considered to be addictive. A person taking steroids become dependent, since it changes their physical appearance and increase the effort to achieve more. Some athletes reported: When faced with the syringe, even my own worst fears did not matter, I could not stop. 17-inch arms were not enough, I want 20. And when I g ot to 20, I was sure that I would want 22,. . Major problem with steroids treatment is that it costs so much of money (Yesalis, 116). Depression symptoms caused from quitting steroids sometimes leads to suicide. There are certain characteristics that show that a person is in need for help: First, retarded behavior associated with depressive disorder. Second, sudden change in moods such as euphoria, irritability, depression or anxiety. Third, slower and disorganized thinking. Fourth, Suicidal thoughts and last but not least, hallucinations (Yesalis, 121). Some patients experiencing uncontrolled aggression need anti-psychotic medication; others need hospitalization so they could have all the support needed. (Yesalis, 121-22). InterpretationIn my opinion, I consider that athletes are misusing steroids. The main reason behind establishing steroids was to prevent body tissues from breaking down, and to help the elderly in regulating their hormones and many others to help them fighting against HIV AIDS. However, athletes adapted this invention for inappropriate purposes and to cheat and compete in an unfair way. Since, sport represents the finest in physical development and human striving and will, steroids use among athletes opposes this representation. Society still does not fully recognize the negative effects that steroids have on the health of athletes and the way sports are played. I believe that every one is responsible for preventing steroids use including athletes, coaches and parents. Steroids cause a lot of harm that we must be aware of. First, an athlete may suffer physical and psychological harm because of steroids. Second, the use of steroids for no medical purposes is a violation of federal laws. Third, using anabolic steroids is cheating and violates the rules of virtually every sport. Finally, yet importantly, steroids contaminate sports because results are obtained by unnatural means. Some people defend steroids use by stating that they give users a tremendous physical advantage. However, it is the price of that advantage that worries me. There are two important things to bear in mind about steroids. First, they are very powerful drugs that affect both mind and body. Second, when elite athletes take steroids to secretly enhance their physical sports performance they tarnish the purity of all sports competitions. Works CitedAnabolic steroids. ESPN.com. Sep. 6 2000. Apr 19 2001. a href=http://espn.go.com/special/s/drugsandsports/steroids.htmlhttp://espn.go.com/special/s/drugsandsports/steroids.htmlFarry, Tom. Juicers: Scare tactics do not work. ESPN.com. Dec. 14 2000. 20 Apr 2001. Sports and Steroids. Kirk, D.N., M.P. Hartshorn. Steroid Reaction Mechanisms.Amesterdam:Elsevier Publishing Co., 1968. Mishra, Raja. Steroids and sports are a losing proposition. FDA Consumer. 25.7. p24. Sep 1991. Infotrac. Galegroup. Lebanese American University Library, Beirut. 18 Apr 2001. Sports and Steroids. Noble, Kate. When Winning Loses Out: This is the year that integrity will count for more than victory at any price. Time International. 157.4. p.70. Jan 29 2001. Infotrac. Galegroup. Lebanese American University Library, Beirut. 18 Apr 2001. Sports and Drugs. Paterson, Ellen R. Steroids and Sports. RQ. 29.1. p. 20-23. Fall 1989. Infotrac. Galegroup. Lebanese American University Library, Beirut. 18 Apr 2001. Steroids and Sports. Phillips, Andrew. The Olympic Drug Cloud: were these the shame games .. or the start of real crackdown on doping? Macleans. p 52. Oct 9 2000. Infotrac. Galegroup. Lebanese American University Library, Beirut. 18 Apr 2001. Sports and Drugs. Racing Demons: Use of performance-enhancing drugs may grab sporting headlines, but the real tragedy is what happens later. Time International. 157.10. p 50+. Mar 12 2001. Infotrac. Galegroup. Lebanese American University Library, Beirut. 18 Apr 2001. Sports and Drugs. Reuters. Drugs as old as Olypmpia, as new as the Internet ESPN.com. Sep. 19 2000. 19 Apr 2001. ;http://espn.go.com/oly/summers/00/s/2000/0905/724370.html;Ringhofer, Kevin R., ; Martha E. Harding. Coaches Guide to Drugs and Sports. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1996. The Psycological Effects of Using Steroids. PlanetPapers. 20 Apr 2001. ;;a href=http://www.planetpapers.com/Assets/432.html;http://www.planetpapers.com/Assets/432.html;Yesalis, Charles E., ; Virginia S. Cowart. The Steroids Game: an experts inside look at anabolic steroid use in sports. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1998.